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Forschungsprojekt ::
Langfristige Folgen von Technologiekatastrophen auf psychische Gesundheit und Wohlfahrt: Das Beispiel Tschernobyl


This project assesses the long-run toll taken by a large-scale technological disaster on welfare, well-being and mental health. We estimate the causal effect of the 1986 Chernobyl catastrophe after 20 years by linking geographic variation in radioactive fallout to respondents of a nationally representative survey in Ukraine according to their place of residence in 1986. We exclude individuals who were exposed to high levels of radiation—about 4% of the population. Instead, we focus on the remaining majority of Ukrainians who received subclinical radiation doses; we find large and persistent psychological effects of this nuclear disaster. Affected individuals exhibit poorer subjective well-being, higher depression rates and lower subjective survival probabilities; they rely more on governmental transfers as source of subsistence. We estimate the aggregate annual welfare loss at 2–6% of Ukraine's GDP highlighting previously ignored externalities of large-scale catastrophes.

Angaben zum Forschungsprojekt

Beginn des Projekts:2011
Ende des Projekts:2016
Projektleitung:Danzer, Prof. Dr. Alexander M.
Finanzierung des Projekts:Begutachtete Drittmittel
Geldgeber:7. Rahmenprogramm der EU
Themengebiete:A Allgemeines, Hochschulwesen; Bibliothekswesen; Umweltschutz; Journalistik
C Philosophie; Psychologie
M Politik; Soziologie
Q Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Projekttyp:Angewandte Forschung
Eingestellt am: 28. Sep 2020 12:24
Letzte Änderung: 28. Sep 2020 12:24
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